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Fair Dealing

Fair Dealing is an exception in the Copyright Act which allows an individual to make a copy for the purpose of research, criticism, review, education, news reporting, parody, or satire. The original source must be credited.

Purpose of the Dealing

Must be for the purposes of:

  • research or private study
  • criticism
  • review
  • education
  • news reporting
  • parody or satire

Character of the Dealing

Single copies are fine, multiple copies tend to be unfair.

Amount of the Dealing

Use the least amount possible, though it may be necessary to copy the entire article.

Alternatives to the Dealing

Find another way to access the information, such as links. The user can't always be expected to conduct work on site, so a copy may needed.

Nature of the Work

Reasonable limits should be placed on the work by the Fair Dealing Policy.

Effect of the Dealing

The market for the publisher's work should not decrease as a result of copies being made.

What Can Be Used In Fair Dealing?

One of the following:

  • Up to 10% of a copyright-protected work (including a literary work, musical score, sound recording, or audiovisual work).
  • An entire artistic work (including a painting, print, photograph, diagram, drawing, map, chart, or plan) from a copyright-protected work containing other artistic works.
  • An entire newspaper article or page.
  • An entire single poem or musical score from a copyright-protected work containing other poems or musical score.
  • An entire entry from an encyclopedia, annotated bibliography, dictionary, or similar reference work.